The Good Herod: Herod Agrippa I (41–44 CE)
The last golden age of Jewish Judea occurred during the brief reign of Herod and Miriam’s grandson, Herod Agrippa I, the son of the murdered Aristobulus, and grandson of the murdered Miriam. Even though Agrippa was educated in Rome, he was fiercely proud of his Jewishness. He befriended a great many people of influence in Rome and remained in the city for the battle of succession following the death of Caligula, serving as a neutral intermediary for the parties involved. At the end of the succession battle Agrippa’s childhood friend Claudius became Caesar. Claudius restored almost all of Herod’s land to Agrippa and granted him the title of king.
For three years Judea ceased to be a Roman province and was once again a semi-independent vassal kingdom within the Roman Empire. Despite the fact that he was not an observant Jew, Agrippa was loved by the masses for his Hasmonean pedigree, his charisma, and his intense Jewish patriotism. He attempted to build a third wall around Jerusalem that Josephus claims would have made the city impregnable, but Claudius ordered him to desist. This incident illustrates that despite Judea’s veneer of independence, Rome was still the real power.
Everyone, whether a believer or simply a lover of history or of numismatics, will find in these coins direct evidence of, and witness to, the last Jewish king of independent Judea of the Second Temple period almost two millennia ago exciting to own.
Agrippa's coin, the common bronze prutah, was minted between the years 41-44 CE. It features Three heads of barley issuing from between two leaves on one side with the inscription, LϚ (Year 6 - 41/2 CE) and on the other a royal parasol with fringes, symbolizing the king with inscription, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΓΡΙΠΑ (BASILEOS [king] AGRIPA).